We will discuss “Mahakavya and Khand Kavya“. Both of these are contrasts in poetry. However, regularly individuals don’t comprehend them well and get befuddled. So today, we will attempt to clarify the distinction among you through our little endeavors, “What is Mahakavya and Khandakavya, and what is the contrast between them?”. So we should begin with the present subject.

Indian (Hindi) poetry is separated into three parts: Mahakavya, Khand kavya, and Muktak Kavya. If we talk about the other section or another part of the poetry then it is known as Khand Kavya. However, it becomes and compulsion to have a story like Mahakavya. Hence it is called management poetry.

Knowing the difference between Mahakavya and Khandkavya with the help of a table is a must:

PARAMETERMAHAKAVYAKHAND KAVYA
DivisionPoetry is separated into three sections that are Mahakavya, Khand-kavya, and Muktak KavyaAssuming we talk about the other part or distinction of poetry, that segment is poetry. In this as well, it is obligatory to have a story like the Mahakavya, so it is additionally called the board poetry.
CharactersIt becomes compulsory to do the planning of expressions which is related to events and characters.The principal character is portrayed in Khand Kavya, yet just one of its fundamental highlights is portrayed, because of which the variety and extension in it are impossible.
ImportanceThe Mahakavya is otherwise called Prabandha Kavya, in which extraordinary significance is given to the occasion and characterSince the occasion and character are given more significance in management poetry, it is important to have an arrangement of assumptions comparable to occasions and characters
VerseThe epic is totally tied up in canto, and cantos are in every case more than eight and they are neither exceptionally little nor huge. Every canto has a refrain, yet whatever is the last section of the organization is discovered to appear as something else. 
In Khanda poetry, there are cantos like the Mahakavya and in this too there is an obligation of verses in the canto however it isn’t important to change the verses.
Table: Difference Between Mahakavya and Khand Kavya

Difference Between Mahakavya and Khand Kavya

Mahakavya contains the tale of the whole existence of an incredible man. There are numerous cantos in it. Numerous words are utilized in the Mahakavya. Pradhan Ras is Shringar Ras, quiet or courageous juice. It comprises of the principle story just as the pertinent stories. For example:

  • Ramayana – Tulsidas 
  • Kamayani Jaishankar Prasad 
  • Saket – Mathilasharan Gupta 
  • Dear Migration – Ayodhya Singh Upadhyay, Hari Om

The greatest component of the account of Khand Kavya, is that it is finished in itself. It portrays one part of life as opposed to a scene of the entire life. The whole piece is tied in a solitary refrain. It is additionally finished in a restricted assortment.

Like- Jayadratha Slaughter 

  Maithili Sharan Gupt

  Pathik – Tripathi

  Urvashi – Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

The Mahakavya is longer than the Khandakavya. One of the attributes of the Mahakavya is that it has the character’s whole life occasion which was referenced 

But, in Khandakavya any of the entire life the occasion remains referenced. 

On the off chance that the Mahakavya resembles ‘mother,’ Khand kavya is like his child. Just one segment of ‘Mahakavya’ would be in ‘Khandakavya’ is. Both (Mahakavya and fragmentary) as there are just types of ‘Prabandhakavya’.

Examples of Mahakavya

Kumarasambhava by Kalidasa: the wedding of Shiva and Parvati, and the introduction of Kumara, in 17 cantos 

Raghuvaṃsa by Kalidasa: the Raghu tradition, in 19 cantos (around 1564 verses) 

Kiratarjunaya by Bharavi: a fight among Arjuna and Shiva from the Mahabharata, 18 cantos 

Naisadha-Carita by Shriharsha: on the existence of King Nala and Queen Damayanti, 22 cantos 

Sisupsla-vada by Magha: the killing of Shishupala by Krishna, 22 cantos (around 1800 verses)

Characteristics of Mahakavya

In the maha kavya sort, more accentuation was laid on depiction than on portrayal. Undoubtedly, the conventional qualities of a mahākāvya are recorded as: 

  • It should take its topic from the stories (Ramayana or Mahabharata), or from history, 
  • It should help further the four objectives of man (Purusharthas), 

It should contain depictions of urban areas, oceans, mountains, moonrises, and dawn, and “records of fun in gardens, of washing parties, drinking sessions, and love-production. It should tell the distress of isolated sweethearts and ought to depict a wedding and the introduction of a child. It ought to portray a lord’s board, a consulate, the walking forward of a military, a fight, and the triumph of a saint”. 

These are not irregular ideas but rather explicit prerequisites. Each total maha kavya that has come down to us from the hour of Kalidasa contains the entire rundown, which, on the off chance that one considers it cautiously, will be believed to contain the fundamental repertory of Sanskrit poetry. Contained in it are the fundamental components of nature, love, society, and war which a writer ought to have the option to portray. The incredible kāvya tried an artist by his force of delivering content, which is a preferable test at any rate over the Persian diwan, which tried a writer by his expertise at rhyme. 

It is made out of a differing number of short sonnets or cantos, that recount the tale of an old-style epic. Every sonnet is created in a meter that is fitting to the topic, like a depiction of the seasons, a geological type of nature as a mountain, and urban areas.

Modern Mahakavyas 

In the maha kavya sort, more accentuation was laid on depiction than on portrayal. Without a doubt, the customary attributes of a mahākāvya are recorded as: 

  • It should take its topic from the stories (Ramayana or Mahabharata), or from history, 
  • It should help further the four objectives of man (Purusharthas), 

It should contain portrayals of urban areas, oceans, mountains, moonrises, and dawn, and “records of fun in gardens, of washing parties, drinking sessions, and love-production. It should tell the distress of isolated sweethearts and ought to depict a wedding and the introduction of a child. It ought to portray a lord’s committee, a consulate, the walking forward of a military, a fight, and the triumph of a legend”. 

These are not arbitrary ideas but rather explicit necessities. Each total maha kavya that has come down to us from the hour of Kalidasa contains the entire rundown, which, on the off chance that one considers it cautiously, will be believed to contain the fundamental repertory of Sanskrit poetry. Contained in it are the fundamental components of nature, love, society, and war which a writer ought to have the option to portray. The extraordinary kāvya tried a writer by his force of delivering content, which is a preferable test in any event over the Persian diwan, which tried an artist by his expertise at rhyme. 

It is made out of a changing number of short sonnets or cantos, that recount the tale of an old-style epic. Every sonnet is created in a meter that is fitting to the topic, like a depiction of the seasons, a topographical type of nature as a mountain, and urban areas.

What is Khand Kavya?

Khandakavya is a type of management poetry in writing. Poetry is a piece of poetry expounded on a specific occasion throughout everyday life. It is obvious from “Khand Kavya” that it has the supremacy of a solitary occasion of human existence. In which the existence of the chart legend doesn’t influence the writer in general. Introduces that specific segment of life totally in his poetry. 

Managerialism stays both in the epic and in the Khanda poetry, however in the Khasasutra of the Khanda Kavya, there is no variety of life. Henceforth its plotline rapidly finishes ending, actually like the story. Numerous other significant scenes are likewise connected with the epic lead story, so its plot, similar to the novel, bit by bit prompts Falagam. There is just one significant story in Khandakavya, the important stories can’t discover a spot in it. 

The solitary definition in Sanskrit writing accessible in the Sahitya Darpan is as per the following: 

  • Language division rules, poetry, sargasamutthatam. 
  • Ekarthrapavanai: Padai: Sandhi-Sagrayavarjitam. 
  • Volume Poetry Bhave Poetry is as per the country. 

As per this definition, a beautiful composition wherein a language or sublanguage is made and meaning an account, which doesn’t contain every one of the settlements, is a fragmentary sonnet. He follows just a small part of the epic. In like manner, a portion of the Acharya Khandakavya of Hindi consider such poetry which is made in the structure out of an epic, however, just the specific part of it has been taken by not taking the entire life in it. That is, in the Khandakavya, a square life is communicated so that it is by all accounts programmed as the introduced arrangement. 

Indeed, Khandakavya is a particularly lovely sonnet that has a unitary revelation in the plot; The story ought to have repetitiveness (speech in the expressions of Sahitya Darpan) and start with a grouping of account, advancement, perfection, and zenith in an unequivocal reason and be little in size. As a standard of quickness, the management of under eight cantos is considered a proviso.

So from the given context, we got a piece of information about the differences between Mahakavya and Khand Kavya also studied the differences in detail. Hope you found it useful.

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