Doha and Chaupai are composed in two completely different ways. Chaupai – (Chow) has a total of four segments to its makeup, whereas Doha – (doo) two – has two sections and two lines.

What is Doha?

Doha is a semantic sentence. They are divided into four stages. In which there are 13–13 quantities in its first and third stages and 11–11 quantities in its second and fourth stages. In the first and third stages, the use of Jagan is often avoided. But if a couplet grows, then J-Gana is used at the beginning of the line. On the other hand, it is mandatory to have a guru and a small quantity at the end of the second and fourth stages.

What is Chaupai?

Chaupai is considered to be a distinction between a mere sum of verses. This is the most favorite verse in Hindi based on the descriptive verses of 16 volumes of Prakrit and Apabhramsa. The best example of this is the RamcharitManas written by Goswami Tulsidas, in which the Chaupai Chanda is shown very well. Chaupai is also divided into four stages where 16-16 volumes are present in all and finally Guru is present.

Doha Vs Chaupai
Doha vs Chaupai

Difference between Doha and Chaupai: A table

DOHACHAUPAI
Doha is a semi-standard stanza. There are four stages in it.Chaupai is a distinction between mere sum verses.
It has 13–13 quantities in odd phases (first and third) and 11–11 quantities in even stages (second and fourth).It is developed on the basis of 16 volumes of descriptive verses of Prakrit and Apabhramsa, Hindi is popular and has its own verses.
In Doha, it is necessary to have a guru and a small quantity at the end of the second and fourth stages.Chaupai is also divided into four stages where 16-16 volumes are present in all and finally Guru is present.
Example:So what if you are big? There is no shadow to the bow, fruits should be far away.Example:“Rituraja happened in Madhuvan.New Pallavas brought on trees.Tesu’s flower is cast.Wind book gives happiness.
Doha vs Chaupai

Major Difference between Doha and Chaupai

Both are the type of verse with the distinction of the meter. Doha has “Do” in it since it is a verse involving two lines-this is the explanation it is known as a couplet (couple) and similarly, Choupaiyan is a verse containing four (Chou) lines and is likewise called quatrain (quat). While the couplet was more famous and grown primarily in the early Medieval period (when Tulsidas composed Ramcharitmanas), Dohas got mainstream in the later period, around the later middle age time frame period (Kabir Das and Rahim composed a few Dohe). 

If there should be an occurrence of Ramayana, every Doha or Choupaiyan delineate a specific scene or a piece of a scene and every one of these couplets and quatrains together structures the total story. This is the magnificence of Sanskrit writing – it’s like that essayist is revealing to us a story by breaking it into verse. What’s more, which meter or type or sort of verse to utilize, regardless of whether a couplet or a quatrain or how to consolidate them both, is the place where the author has the total opportunity.

  • Doha is a semi-standard metric and chaupai is a distinction of a metaphysical verse.
  • Both Doha and Chaupai are divided into four stages but Doha consists of 13–13 volumes in the first and third stages and 11–11 volumes in the second and fourth phases while the four stages in the Chaupai have 16–16 volumes.
  •  In Doha, it is mandatory to have a Guru and a small quantity at the end of the second and fourth stages, whereas, in the Chaupai, the Guru is present at the end.
  • Doha has been written a lot by Kabirdas and the chaupai will be found mostly in the RamcharitManas written by Goswami Tulsidas.

Historical Differences

History of Doha

Doha is an old “section design” of Indian verse. It is a free section, a couplet, the importance of which is finished in itself. With respect to its root, Hermann Jacobi had recommended that the birthplace of Doha can be followed to the Greek Hexameter, which is a mixture of two hex meters in one line. This organization had discovered courtesy with the Abhiras or Ahirs who had enormously empowered its utilization, the Abhiras had a place with Gandhara area now in Pakistan.

Jacobi’s hypothesis lays in the reason that the Indians had an interpretation of Homer’s functions as attested by Dio of Alexandria. Therefore, for quite a while the Doha section design was prevalently utilized in Gujarati, Rajasthani (Duha), Maithili, Marathi, and Hindi society and current writing of North India and in Sindhi (Doho) writing of Pakistan.

The word Doha should have gotten from the Sanskrit words dogdhaka, dvipadi, dvipathaka or do Dhaka that are all Sanskrit couplet structures; it is otherwise called duhaviya in Apabhraṃśa to which the soonest reference is in Vikramorvasiyam  of Kalidasa.

Dohas have likewise been discovered composed and referred to in a wanderer way in more seasoned dialects like Prakrit and Pali. They are citations of common shrewdness. In Duhasuktavali it is said that Doha ought to be cited where skilled people have accumulated.

History of Chaupai

Chaupai (likewise alluded to as Chaupai Sahib) is a song that was sung in ancient times by Guru Gobind Singh. Chaupai is the 404th Charter of the Charitropakhyan of the Dasam Granth and is a piece of a Sikh’s Nitnem (everyday sacred writing perusing).

Chaupai Sahib starts after the 404 Chittar where two monstrous fights, including the later between Maha Kal and the fiends, is described and the battle of a goddess that was conceived because of the principal fight and her mission for the acknowledgment of the Supreme Being, by her deserting any remaining common belongings, is represented. 

So to conclude, both are the type of verse, which can be utilized both exclusively like Kabir Ke Dohe, where each summarizes a significance inside two lines or be a piece of the bigger sonnet, similar to what we see in Ramcharitmanas, which is a mix of two couplets (Doha) and Quatrains (Choupaiyan) used to delineate a total story. 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.